Last updated on 22/06/2024 04:15 PM | Visitor Count 6297969
  • Kerala Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Agency

    A Govt. of Kerala Undertaking


The major organisations which are partnering with Kerala Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Agency (KRWSA) are the followings,

World Bank

World Bank

With 189 member countries, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership fighting poverty worldwide through sustainable solutions.

As the worlds largest multilateral source of financing for water in developing countries, the World Bank is working closely with partners to achieve.A Water-Secure World for All,by investing in water solutions that enable universal access, promote water security, and build resilient societies.

The World Bank offers loans, grants, and technical assistance to governments to support expanding or improving water infrastructure, improving management practices and ensuring community engagement. The World Bank Group is the largest single investor in water projects globally.

Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Government of India


The Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation, Government of India has become a separate Ministry with effect from 13.7.2011. Earlier, it was a Department, namely; Department of Drinking Water & Sanitation under the Ministry of Rural Development.

The main functions and duties of the Ministry are:

  • Rural Water Supply (subject to overall national perspective of water planning and coordination assigned to the Ministry of Water Resources) sewage, drainage and sanitation relating to rural areas; international cooperation and technical assistance in the field.
  • Public cooperation, including matters relating to voluntary agencies in so far as they relate to rural water supply, sewage, drainage and sanitation in rural areas.
  • Cooperative relatable to the items in this list.
  • Co-ordination with respect to matters relating to drinking water supply and sanitation projects and issues which cover both urban and rural areas.

Notwithstanding the above allocation, rural drinking water supply as well as rural sanitation are state subjects, included in the Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution among the subjects that may be entrusted to Panchayats by the States. Primarily it is the duty of the State Governments to ensure drinking water supply and sanitation facilities in the rural areas. State Governments are empowered to plan, sanction, implement and execute rural water supply projects. The role of the Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation is to supplement the efforts of the State Government by:

  • Rendering financial assistance. Presently, the financial assistance is provided through a Centrally Sponsored Scheme namely National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP).
  • Rendering technical assistance and policy support.
  • Issuing directions for conducting survey to ascertain the status of coverage and water quality.
  • Fixing targets for coverage of habitations and rural schools and monitor the achievements of targets through periodical reports and reviews as well as by conducting conferences, seminars, etc.

Since, State Governments are empowered to plan, sanction, implement and execute individual rural water supply projects, the details of rural water supply projects taken up are not maintained by Central level by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.

Regarding the rural sanitation sector, the role of the Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation is to sanction projects for Swatchh Bharat Mission(SBM) followed by release of funds or the projects sanctioned. The implementation of the projects is, however, undertaken by the District Authorities through Project Implementing Agencies selected by the State Governments. The Progress of the implementation of the project is, however, monitored at the level through reports, returns as well as through on-line monitorin. Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation is to provide technical and financial assistance to the States for accelerating rural sanitation coverage. Towards this end, the Ministry provides the overall policy framework, facilities cross sharing between States, supports capacity building and also monitors and evaluates the programme

Water Resources Department

Water Resources

Water Resources Department of the Government of Kerala takes the Administrative level decisions of the Line/Subordinate Departments. Its Political head is the Hon'ble Minister for Water Resources and the Administrative head is a Secretary to the Government.

To ensure that the right of access to water for all citizens is transformed into reality, is the basic tenet upon which the activities of the Department are centered. This can only be achieved by ensuring that the demands for drinking water, agriculture, power generation and industry are appropriately addressed in the context of the physical, environmental and social background of the State. At the same time, we need to ensure that this vital resource will continue to be sustainable for future generations to come.

The activities of the Water Resources Department are rooted in the tenets articulated in the State's Water Policy. A massive exercise has been launched aiming at strengthening and restructuring of Kerala Water Authority, thereby reorienting it into a "Consumer Friendly" and competitive organization. A Citizen's Charter has been published. Efforts have also been initiated to achieve total delivery of better service using IT initiatives. New initiatives include facilities for obtaining connection within "7 days", revenue collection facilities, 24 hour "Helpline" facility, "Blue Brigade" to facilitate prompt maintenance, etc., established a change in the mindset of Kerala Water Authority as well as the consumers. Priority based approach has been adopted for selection, implementation and commissioning of new projects. Great importance has been attached to the timely completion of projects.

Local Self Government Department


Kerala State has 941 Grama Panchayats, 152 Block Panchayats, 14 District Panchayats, 87 Municipalities and 6 Corporations. Consequent to the 73rd and 74th amendments to the Constitution, the three-tier system came into existence in India. In Kerala, Local Self-Government Institutions have been meaningfully empowered through massive transfer of resources as well as administrative powers. Local self-government Institutions have emerged as effective agencies for the implementation of developmental programmes. Developmental programmes are identified and implemented through Grama Sabhas. With the decentralisation of power, Local administration department has gained an important role in the formulation and implementation of developmental works at the grass-root level. Today Panchayat Directorate, Directorate of Urban Affairs, Commissionerate of Rural Development and Town and Country Planning Department are the major allied departments of Local Administration. Related to local administration activities, there are different allied institutions and training centers under LSGD.

Grama Panchayat is the nodal agency responsible for the implementation of Jalanidhi project. The Grama Panchayats in Kerala gathered a high degree of implementation efficiency through the devolved powers for the past ten years. The GPs now expended around 5-7 crores per annum through the plan process. This capacity of decentralized planning will be very helpful for shouldering the responsibility of project implementation. The GP president is responsible for implementing project activities ensuring project philosophy and according to the guidelines issued from time to time. The GP Board and the sub-committee on health and education will ensure a proactive support. The Watsan agenda at the GP level will be reviewed by the health and education standing committee and placed before the GP board for approval.

Major function of the Grama Panchayat is to implement the project in a sustainable way through appropriate institutional arrangements envisaged in the project. The GP has to ensure the resource support for the satisfactory implementation, operation and running of the project.

Kerala Water Authority


Kerala Water Authority is the major sector institution in Kerala providing drinking water supply. KWA is managing the drinking water supply in rural and urban sectors and sewerage management in the state. KWA plays a key role in developing the strategy for rural and urban water supply in the state. Majority of central funds allocated to the state for water supply is channelized through this institution. KWA is responsible for own revenue generation through water supply and follows the supply driven approach in water supply. Considering the expertise and technical competency the collaboration of two sector players is important. During the implementation of the phase 1 Jalanidhi project this joint venture has been experimented successfully in the implementation of tsunami reconstruction water supply scheme at Chavara and Panmana GPs. Technical expertise of KWA and Community development and people participation skills of KRWSA were combined together for efficient sector management and cost recoveries. The Government of Kerala is also planning to implement the single GP schemes on par with the GOI guidelines and adopting the demand driven decentralized approach. As majority of the schemes are done through KWA, they cannot shy away from the new approach. In which case through the collaboration with KRWSA it can gain experience in the new mode of implementation. Water sector reforms in Kerala can be done only through the structural reform of KWA. Collaborating in the implementation of this project KWA will get the benefit of experience in the implementation of community based water supply projects. The major responsibilities envisaged for the KWA in this project is designing and construction of common infrastructure for the 3-6 Multi GP water supply schemes envisaged in the project and providing bulk water supply to the GPs at the entry points. Support the GPs in designing and implementing the distribution network. Support the GP in the estimation and design of the rehabilitation of single GP water supply schemes. Staffs support arrangements for KRWSA for at least in the LWSS. Support to technical training provided to SO/GPAT and KRWSA staff. Conduct water quality testing. Seek Technical assistance for support of modernization programme of KWA. Seek support for updating sector information management system.

Suchitwa Mission

Suchitwa mission

The Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in the state was coordinated and monitored by the Kerala Total Sanitation and Health Mission (KTSHM) and their activities were limited to the rural panchayaths. The Clean Kerala Mission (CKM) enables the urban and rural local bodies in establishing solid waste management systems. In order to avoid duplication of efforts and to tackle the existing and emerging challenges in various sanitation aspects for an overall health and environmental outcome, the Government of Kerala in 2008 integrated the two missions and formed Suchithva mission. In Jalanidhi Project, it is envisaged to address the household level liquid and solid waste management issues. The project is seeking  collaboration with the Suchithva mission in the areas of developing appropriate tools for IEC, Technical assistance for sanitation schemes, Technical assistance for covering the uncovered living in difficult areas, Piloting community sanitation programme such as community septic tank, seepage management etc.